Global heating is the defining issue of our time. An effective response to climate change requires deliberate and sustained action from both state and non-state actors. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), has led the development of a law and climate change toolkit to promote climate-smart urbanization.
The water impacts of climate change pay no respect to political boundaries, which means decision-makers must cooperate across borders to protect shared water sources.
The climate crisis threatens the right to water and sanitation, contributing to water crises like the one in Bolivia, where glaciers are receding, and water rationing has been required in major cities.
Living in inadequate housing in precarious areas such as hillsides and floodplains, the least well-off people in society are bearing the brunt of floods, landslides and extreme heat caused by climate change.
Millions of people are having to be relocated due to rising sea levels, coastal erosion, storm surges, groundwater salinization and other climate impacts making their home environment uninhabitable.